The ideology as itself is a very sensitive issue these days when we cant miss the news without damages caused by  terrorism ruled by ideology. In the last 20-30 years, instead of communist, capitalist or simply green  ideology, we got rise of  Islamic ideology which was adopted by certain extremist groups and  implemented through so many violent actions.In that way, Islamic Religion became hijacked by Islamic Ideology what is softly killing the host and takes over all ingredients in needs for survival.

The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS-ISIL-DAESH) currently leads the terror in the name of their God, justifying all of misery they bring by Holy Qur’an or at least by some parts they claim they understand. The Islamic Terrorism should be divided into two parts. The period before ISIS when some Islamic oriented terrorist groups made attacks against infidels but they didn’t organize the massive genocides against non-Muslims and Muslims too(ie: Al Qaeda) The period after ISIS proclaimed itself as a new Caliphate machinery when the problem of understanding their ideology drags also the elements of religion and their demonization by rest of the civilized and endangered world.

First of all, I believe me must meet the criteria for analyzing the Holy Book of Muslim people. The Noble Qur’an. It is not enough to read it without having a preliminary historical knowledge about the events and situations which have been described there. It is also not effective if we read it with some prejudices or even hatred as it is used to be often, especially when you are informed constantly by all media that you are kafir , according to that Book, and as one of them, you will be killed by followers of Prophet Mohammad(s.a.v.s.) religion. The Holy Qur’an is a sacral religious document which unites all teachings delivered to the last Prophet of God, Prophet Mohammad(s.a.v.s.) and it is very important part of the Islamic Religion  and soul of all Muslim believers. The Noble Qur’an should be understood in the right light, considering its dualistic nature and the possible problem about the following interpretations. The dualism in Muslim Holy Book as well as negative interpretation by so called scholars but I  rather call them well dressed extremists is something which  hit the people in the worst way. The dream team of disasters. The complexity of this religion and the ignorance of interpreters merged with evil interests to escalate problems is a formula of hell without hell.

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So, we must realize that Holy Qur’an has dual nature which allows the extremists to use what they and how they want, making total social and system  disturbances in the name of faith. We will usually hear that The Holy Qur’an is not changed as many other holy Scriptures but what is behind that story. Bill Warner, expert for Political Islam studies offers some of the  explanations in his book about Political Islam :”The Koran we have today was created or brought together by the third caliph Uthman. It is said that Muslims were beginning to say that there were many versions of the Koran and there would soon be error. So Uthman, as absolute ruler, called in all of the Korans and turned them over to a secretary.It was the secretary’s job to compile the new Koran. After it was put together Uthman did something that was very telling. He burned all the original source material. As a result of the burning of all the source Korans, Muslims like to boast today that their Koran has no variation, that it was delivered  in this exact form from Allah and the lack of variations shows its perfection. And then they point to variations in Biblical texts as a proof of corruption of the texts.”

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Religion is a very dangerous question and if you dig too much, you could bury up yourself. Without telling and retelling, faith and strict belief in all from above, the religion wouldn’t exist today. The same is with all religions and the Islam also requires absolute submission and faith in all what is proclaimed in Holy Qur’an, consisted of 112 chapters or suras. It is not one line leaded Holy Book. One will have many problems to follow the main story, displaced in so many chapters and some of them are starting with one and being ended with another. It is not something you can read without pushing yourself to learn how to read it without being trapped in understanding it wrongly. To understand Holy Qur’an you need to make time order and to make your own historical highlights of the verses. You need to divide the stories in Holy Qur’an from the stories you know from the Holy Books of Judaism and Christianity. It seems that all of them are the same but still they arent.

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The central point of Holy Qur’an and our goals to achieve the total understanding of it should found in the issue about kafir or kuffr. This part is very interesting to me because of the maths here. 64% of Holy Qur’an plays on Kafir and only 36% on Muslims like it is better to explain what Muslims shouldnt be than what they should be.

The dual nature of Holy Qur’an comes when we elaborate the issue of Kafir. Who are kuffr? Those who reject Allah (swt) and His Prophet Mohammad(s.a.v.s.) or those who accept shirk? According to one theory, People of the Book are Jews and Christians and they arent considered as kuffr and they should be protected and sheltered if they ask for it. But here is the sura which thinks different

“Before, as guidance for the people. And He revealed the Qur’an. Indeed, those who disbelieve in the verses of Allah will have a severe punishment, and Allah is exalted in Might, the Owner of Retribution.”

(Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:4)

“It is He who has sent down to you, [O Muhammad], the Book; in it are verses [that are] precise – they are the foundation of the Book – and others unspecific. As for those in whose hearts is deviation [from truth], they will follow that of it which is unspecific, seeking discord and seeking an interpretation [suitable to them]. And no one knows its [true] interpretation except Allah . But those firm in knowledge say, “We believe in it. All [of it] is from our Lord.” And no one will be reminded except those of understanding.”

(Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:7)

“Indeed, those who disbelieve – never will their wealth or their children avail them against Allah at all. And it is they who are fuel for the Fire.”

(Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:10)

“Say to those who disbelieve, “You will be overcome and gathered together to Hell, and wretched is the resting place.”

(Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:12)

Finally, here is one which is so exploited by extremists about the final battle between believers and disbelievers.

“Already there has been for you a sign in the two armies which met – one fighting in the cause of Allah and another of disbelievers. They saw them [to be] twice their [own] number by [their] eyesight. But Allah supports with His victory whom He wills. Indeed in that is a lesson for those of vision.”

(Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:13)

It is very obvious that the people who dont believe are disbelievers. Jews and Christians do believe but in something which is opposite to the teaching of Islam so they arent believers but disbelievers.

“Indeed, the religion in the sight of Allah is Islam. And those who were given the Scripture did not differ except after knowledge had come to them – out of jealous animosity between themselves. And whoever disbelieves in the verses of Allah , then indeed, Allah is swift in [taking] account”

(Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:19)

So if they argue with you, say, “I have submitted myself to Allah [in Islam], and [so have] those who follow me.” And say to those who were given the Scripture and [to] the unlearned, “Have you submitted yourselves?” And if they submit [in Islam], they are rightly guided; but if they turn away – then upon you is only the [duty of] notification. And Allah is Seeing of [His] servants.

(Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:20)

To not mistaken verses and to know which verse is more valid for taking into consideration and following, it is more than important to know the principle of abrogation in Holy Qur’an. When we read Holy Book we will find that some verses are totally contradictory to one another and then we must know which one comes earlier or later. The chronological approach to them is very significant because all of them are true even if they are are opposed. The later is canceling the previous one but both are acceptable because Allah(swt) cant tell a lie. This means that no matter how the stories and explanations are different they all could be used when the time comes and that is why Holy Qur’an has dualistic nature.

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The differences between the Holy Qur’an from Mecca and the Holy Qur’an from Medina are also very visible. The Mecca Holy Qur’an is more into religious depth and even more pro-Jew while the Medina Holy Qur’an is more ideological oriented and against-Jew. In Meccan Holy Qur’an there are 960 words or 0,99% of Book regarding anti-Jew feelings. In Medinan Holy Qur’an, there are 9282 words or 16,9% of Book inspired by anti-Jew emotions. The reason for that is in the fact that Prophet Mohammed (s.a.v.s.) while he was in Mecca had relatively good relations with local Jews and since he moved to Medina, he had a clash with rabbis who rejected him as a Prophet.  However, we cant say that Holy Qur’an is just anti-Jew because it is also pro-Jew. It is not anti-Christian because it is also pro-Christian. The both truths are based on Islamic religion and they could be used.

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The dualistic nature of Islamic religion is not a problem in ages of peace but when it comes to the ages of war and tensions regarding different Gods, based on local or international interests, the dark side of moon comes out with no mercy. The manipulation with uneducated population of believers  by some paid scholars and their indoctrination into extremism is like ordered scenario. The vast majority of Muslims dont speak and dont understand Arabic language,  the language of Holy Qur’an. They could be easily manipulated by those who know The Holy Qur’an and who claim that they should hate Jews and Christians as kuffr because Prophet Mohammad(s.a.v.s) would do the same.They find some verses, made in certain period of  battle history, proving them how they should despise disbelievers. The believers are opinionated by those who state they speak Arabic and read The Holy Qur’an in original version. I am not referring here that all Muslim scholars are evil in spreading teaching but some of them are and their evil is spreading the fire among people.  Unfortunately, uneducated people of faith will accept the words of some scholar with no doubts, learning to hate People of Book as infidels rather than to accept them as brothers under the same God. That is the problem of dualism helped by ignorance of believers, opinionated by evil preaching of imams and scholars.

Sadly, but instead of preaching about peace  and compassion which is a core of all religions by themselves, some scholars are becoming extremists and collecting dollars for hatred instead of smiles of believers for sharing love.

“We have appointed a law and a practice for every one of you. Had God willed, He would have made you a single community, but He wanted to test you regarding what has come to you. So compete with each other in doing good. Every one of you will return to God and He will inform you regarding the things about which you differed.” (Surat al-Ma’ida, 48)

The Holy Qur’an was created in one specific period of time and most of the wisdom were based and produced from the experiences from the battle ground in that moment of history.It is completely normal that there are some verses about violence because it was the consistent part of all communities back in the past. What is not normal is holding on those negative verses and misusing ancient manners in the modern times against those who dont believe in the same God as you do. I am sure that for all of those hateful imams is much easier to talk about death and hell fire for disbelievers than about the pure  religious duties for believers. Why? They do not know how to preach anything else except for what they are paid to preach. It is not anymore about religion, it is about people, as always.

The Muslims must challenge each others about the crucial things in their own religion. They must stop accusing others for mess in Islam but they must address their own monsters who start the fire because they do not have any interests in peace.

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Personally, I believe that Islamic Religion has a lot of positive to offer and that Meccan Holy Qur’an is still waiting to be fully discovered by real believers who are poisoned day by day by ideology of Medinan Holy Qur’an. It is a time for all Muslims to chose to be pure religious instead of pure ideological and abused….for someone else’s sake.

There is no compulsion in religion but there is compulsion in ideology.





    The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
    Palestinian geographer; born at Flosz, Bavaria, Oct. 22, 1804; died at Jerusalem
    Feb. 5, 1865. When he was seventeen years old he graduated as teacher
    from the Königliches Schullehrerseminar of Colberg, after which he joined his brother Israel at the University of Würzburg, where for five years he devoted himself to the history and geography of the Holy Land, and published a map of Palestine (1829; republished at Vienna, 1831, and Triest, 1832). It was his ardent desire, however, to study in Palestine itself the physical history and geography of the Holy Land, where his knowledge of Talmudic sources and early Jewish writers would be of more service. Accordingly he decided to settle in Jerusalem, whither he went in 1833. Schwarz then began a series of journeys and explorations in various parts of Palestine, to which he devoted about fifteen years.

    The results of his investigations and researches into the history, geography, geology, fauna, and flora of that country have placed him in the front rank of Palestinian explorers and geographers. HE IS THE GREATEST JEWISH AUTHORITY ON PALESTINIAN MATTERS SINCE ESTORI FARHI (1282-1357), the author of “Kaftor wa-Feraḥ.”

    (Be sure to Google this article:
    614-1096 C.E.
    From the Accession of the Mahomedans to that of the Europeans.
    By Rabbi Joseph Schwarz, 1850

    Rabbi Shallum, son of the then Resh Gelutha, in Babel, aka Abu Bachr al Chaliva al Zadik. Abu Bakr, became the first Caliph, and was in fact son of the then Resh Gelutha, in Babel, who perceiving a dreadful predicament, sent Rabbi Shallum to Mahomed, and told him to offer his submission, friendship, and services, and endeavour to enter with him into a friendly compact. Mahomed accepted Rabbi Shallum’s proposition with pleasure, conceived a great affection for him, and took his daughter, Aisha, a handsome young child, for wife; he made him also a general in his army, and gave him the name of Abu Bachr al Chaliva al Zadik, literally:

    The father of the maiden, the descendant of the righteous; this means, that of all his wives, who were either widows or divorced women, this one was the only one who had never been married before, and then she was the granddaughter of the celebrated chief of the captivity; therefore, the descendant of the righteous. This occurrence induced Mahomed to give up his terrible intention to destroy the Jews in his country, and thus did Rabbi Shallum save his people.

    Rabbi Shallum aka Abu Bakr and Umer had Muhammad poisoned by their two daughters, Aisha and Hafsa, wives of Muhammad. Rabbi Shallum became the first Caliph and authorized the first Quran. He was the one who instructed that apostates should be killed. He abused Fatimah and refused to give her what her father had bequeathed to her. Umar attacked the home of Ali and Fatimah and kicked the door on top of Fatimah, causing her to miscarry the grandchild of Muhammad. She died from the results of the assault. Whereas no one knows where Fatimah is buried, the two murderers of Muhammad are buried next to Muhammad. This has got to be a sick joke! The Quran is full of material from the Jewish Oral Tradition aka the Jewish Talmud.


    I have seen in a topic that said

    “As for Bibi Fatima (ra) getting injured by Hazrat Umar (ra), it’s only in Shia books,”

    This is about the injuring of Fatima by Umar according to Sunni books.
    It happened because Abu bakr and Umar wanted Ali to swear allegiance to Abu Bakr: but Ali didn’t:

    Al-Bukhari narrated:
    Umar said: “And no doubt after the death of the Prophet we were
    informed that the Ansar disagreed with us and gathered in the shed of

    Bani Sa’da. ‘Ali and Zubair and whoever was with them, opposed us,
    while the emigrants gathered with Abu Bakr.”

    Sunni Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic-English, v8, Tradition #817

    So Abu Bakr sent Umar and supporters to bring them to swear allegiance to the Caliph, Abu Bakr!

    Now let us see what Umar ibn Khattab did.

    Sunni historians reported that:

    When Umar came to the door of the house of Fatimah, he said:

    “By Allah, I shall burn down (the house) over you unless you come out
    and give the oath of allegiance (to Abu Bakr).”

    Sunni Books References:
    – History of Tabari (Arabic), v1, pp 1118-1120
    – History of Ibn Athir, v2, p325
    – al-Isti’ab, by Ibn Abd al-Barr, v3, p975
    – Tarikh al-Kulafa, by Ibn Qutaybah, v1, p20
    – al-Imamah wal-Siyasah, by Ibn Qutaybah, v1, pp 19-20

    Some Ahlussunah scholars mention that:

    Umar went to Fatimah and Umar said:

    “O’ daughter of the Prophet! I didn’t love anyone as much as I
    loved your father, nor anyone after him is more loving to me as
    you are. But I swear by Allah that if these people assemble
    here with you, then this love of mine would not prevent me from
    setting your house on fire.”
    Ahl Sunnah references:
    – History of Tabari, in the events of the year 11 AH
    – al-Imamah wa al-Siyasah by Ibn Qutaybah, v1, beginning of the book,
    and pp 19-20
    – Izalatul Khilafa, by Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlavi, v2, p362
    – Iqd al-Farid, by Ibn Abd Rabbah al-Malik, v2, chapter of Saqifah

    Also it is reported that:

    Umar said to Fatimah (who was behind the door of her house):

    “I know that the Prophet of God did not love any one more than you, but this will not stop me to carry out my decision. If these people stay in your house, I will burn the door in front of you.”

    Ahl Sunnah book reference: Kanz al-Ummal, v3, p140

    Abu Bakr said (on his death bed):

    “I wish I had not searched for Fatimah’s house, and had not sent men to harass her, though it would have caused a war if her house would have continued to be used as a

    Sunni books references:
    – History of Ya’qubi, v2, pp 115-116
    – Ansab Ashraf, by al-Baladhuri, v1, pp 582,586
    The historian named the following people among those who attacked the house
    of Fatimah to disperse people who sheltered there:
    – Umar Ibn al-Khattab
    – Khalid Ibn Walid
    – Abdurrahman Ibn Ouf
    – Thabit Ibn Shammas
    – Ziad Ibn Labid
    – Muhammad Ibn Maslamah
    – Salamah Ibn Salem Ibn Waqash
    – Salamah Ibn Aslam
    – Usaid Ibn Hozair
    – Zaid Ibn Thabit

    Umar asked for wood, and told those people inside the house:

    “I swear by Allah who has my soul in his hand, that if you do not come out, I will burn the house.” Someone told Umar that Fatimah was inside the house. Umar said: “So what! It doesn’t matter to me who is in the house.”

    Sunni reference: al-Imamah wa al-Siyasah by Ibn Qutaybah, v1, pp 3,19-20
    Also Jouhari in his book said:

    “Umar and a few Muslims went to the house of Fatimah to burn it down and to burn those who were in opposition.”

    Ibn Shahna said the same statement adding “to burn the house and inhabitants”.
    Furthermore, it is reported that:

    Ali and Abbas were sitting inside the house of Fatimah, Abu Bakr told Umar: “Go and bring them; if they refuse, kill them.” Umar brought fire to burn the house. Fatimah came near the door and said: “O son of Khattab, have you come to burn our house on me and my children?” Umar replied: “Yes I will, by Allah, until they come out and pay allegiance
    to the Prophet’s Caliph.”

    Sunni reference:
    – Iqd al-Fareed, by Ibn Abd Rabb, Part 3, Pg. 63
    – al-Ghurar, by Ibn Khazaben, related from Zayd Ibn Aslam

    We read on Sahih Bukhari that:

    Aisha said:
    … Fatimah became angry with Abu Bakr and kept away from him, and did
    not talk to him till she died. She remained alive for six months after
    the death of the Prophet. When she died, her husband ‘Ali, buried her
    at night without informing Abu Bakr and he said the funeral prayer by

    Sunni references:
    – Sahih al-Bukhari, Chapter of “The battle of Khaibar”, Arabic-English,
    v5, tradition #546, pp 381-383, also v4, Tradition #325

    Take note that Fatimah was who that Prophet Muhammad had frequently said:

    “Fatimah is a part of me. Whoever makes her angry, makes me angry.”

    Sunni references:
    – Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic-English, v5, Traditions #61 and #111
    – Sahih Muslim, section of virtues of Fatimah, v4, pp 1904-5


  2. Descriptive Geography and Brief Historical Sketch of Palestine
    By Rabbi Joseph Schwarz, 1850

    History of Palestine: 614-1096 C.E.
    From the Accession of the Mahomedans to that of the Europeans.
    In the year 4374* (614) there lived in Medina, in Arabia, Mahomed ibn Abdallah, descended from Keder, son of Ishmael (Gen. 25:13), who had taken possession of Arabia and the neighbouring countries. Mahomed had two secret counsellors, who assisted him in the construction of his new system of doctrines and belief; these were Allman Mam Ali, of Jewish descent, and Turchman, a Christian; hence it resulted that the Koran contains many rules bearing analogy to Jewish ideas, for they were derived from Mam Ali.

    * It is not easy to give the precise year of the Chadjra (the flight of Mahomed), since all authorities are not agreed in this respect. In general, the year of the text is assumed. In a Hebrew work, out of which I have drawn largely, the year 4384 (621) is given. The Mahomedans reckon this year 5605 (1845) as the 1261st of the Chadjra. If we now calculate their years in general at 355 days, as they have no leap year, we shall have only about 1226 solar years, which would give us the year 4379 (619 of the Christian Era) as the year of the Chadjra.

    Mahomed had an astrologer at his court called Bucheran, who was a very great enemy of the Jews, and urged the prophet constantly to persecute and exterminate them entirely, so that Mahomed at length listened to the proposition, since he had without this already a hatred towards them, because they had not aided him in his campaigns according to his expectation; wherefore the whole Jewish population under his rule, ran great danger of being entirely cut off. Rabbi Shallum, son of the then Resh Gelutha, in Babel, perceiving this dreadful predicament, went to Mahomed, and offering him his submission, friendship, and services, endeavoured to enter with him into a friendly compact. Mahomed accepted his proposition with pleasure, conceived a great affection for him, and took his daughter, a handsome young girl, for wife; he made him also a general in his army, and gave him the name of Abu Bachr al Chaliva al Zadik, literally: The father of the maiden, the descendant of the righteous; this means, that of all his wives, who were either widows or divorced women, this one was the only one who had never been married before, and then she was the granddaughter of the celebrated chief of the captivity; therefore, the descendant of the righteous. This occurrence induced Mahomed to give up his terrible intention to destroy the Jews in his country, and thus did Rabbi Shallum save his people.

    Abu Bachr and Aliman now resolved among themselves to remove the dangerous enemy of the Jews, Bucheran. One evening Mahomed, Bucheran, Aliman, and Abu Bachr, were drinking together; the latter two soon saw that Mahomed and the astrologer were strongly intoxicated, and lay stretched out in a deep and profound sleep. Abu Bachr thereupon drew the sword of Mahomed from its scabbard, cut off therewith Bucharan’s head, and put the bloody sword back into its receptacle, and both then lay themselves down quietly near Mahomed to sleep. When Mahomed awoke and saw his friend lying decapitated near him, he cried out in a fury: “This terrible deed has been done by one of us three in our drunkenness!” Abu Bachr thereupon said quite unconcernedly: “Let each one draw his sword, and he whose weapon is stained with blood, must needs be the murderer!” They all drew their swords, and that of Mahomed was completely dyed with fresh blood, which proved thus clearly to his satisfaction that he had murdered his friend. He was greatly grieved at this discovery; cursed and condemned the wine which was the cause of this murder, and swore that he never would drink any more, and that also no one should do so who wishes to enter heaven. This is the cause why wine is prohibited to the Mahomedans.

    At a later period, Mahomed learned the whole transaction, and that his father-in-law was the perpetrator of the bloody deed; wherefore, he lost his favour, and he would not permit him to come before him. Abu Bachr went thereupon and conquered sixty places, which had not yet submitted to Mahomed, and presented them to him, through which means he became again reconciled to him, was received in favour, and remained thereafter at court.

    Mahomed urged his conquests to the north and west; made war against Heraclius and his son Constantine, captured the country around Antiochia, Armenia, a part of Asia Minor (Anatolia), and Palestine. Jerusalem, however, continued in possession of the Greeks. Mahomed reigned 11 years, and died in 4385 (625); he was succeeded by his father-in-law, Abu Bachr, but he survived him but two years, when he also died.

    In 4387 (627), another father-in-law, Omar ibn Kataf, ascended the throne. In the tenth year of his reign (4397) he appeared before Jerusalem with a large army. He besieged it, and after producing great distress thereby in the city, it surrendered to his arms. He then made a treaty with the Greek inhabitants of the city, that they should pay him a ransom for their lives, and send an annual tribute. He commanded to rebuild the temple, and appropriated several pieces of ground, the proceeds of which were destined to defray the expenses and keep it in repair, which is continued to be done to this day. He built, accordingly, the great Mosque al Sachara [Dome of the Rock], of which I have spoken above. He also conquered the whole country around Damascus and Ispahan, which is a part of Persia.

    Egypt was taken by his general Omar ibn Aleaz, as also the city of Alexandria, where he burnt the celebrated library, through which learned posterity suffered an irreparable loss. This conquest of Egypt put an end to the government of the Mameluks, and it came under the rule of the Califs, and so it remained till the country was conquered by the Tartars in 4502 (742). In 4400 (640), Omar built the present al Mazr and called it Al Kairo, which means, “care, pains, sorrow;” since this building cost him much trouble, care, and labour. In the town of Pastat, the ancient Zoar (for which see the Appendix), he prohibited and prevented a terrible ancient custom, which was prevalent among the Greeks of that place. They used, on the day when the Nile begins to rise, to take a handsome young woman, to dress her in the most costly and brilliant attire, to lead her to the river under accompaniment of music and dancing, and then to throw her into the water; since, according to their opinion, the Nile would, in reward for this beautiful sacrifice, rise higher and higher, and scatter its rich blessings over the land. Omar reigned 15 years.

    In the year 4402 (642), Osman (or Othman) ibn Afan assumed the government. He was a son-in-law of Mahomed. In the year 4406 (646), he took the island of Rhodes, and in 4413 (603) the island of Cyprus, from the Greeks.

    In 4413 (653), the Calif Ali ibn Abu Talbih, also a son-in-law of Mahomed, who had slain his predecessor Osman, succeeded to the throne. The Persians, and many other Mahomedans, regard this Ali also as a prophet, equal to Mahomed. Even at the present day there are two sects of Mahomedans; one is composed of those who only believe in and acknowledge Mahomed as a prophet [Sunni], and the other of those who ascribe the same honour to Ali [Shia]. These two sects always are inimical towards, and persecute each other. In Syria and on the Lebanon there are likewise several Mahomedans who belong to the sect of Ali.–Under him the Mahomedans conquered the whole of Anatolia, and penetrated as far as Africa and Spain. He was succeeded, in 4419 (659), by his son, Calif Chazan ibn Ali.

    Calif Maevia ibn Sefian began his reign in 4434 (674). Under him there were constant wars and contests among the great men of the state, concerning the califate, and it was always doubtful whether he should be able to maintain himself on the throne or not.

    In 4435, Calif Abd al Maleki assumed the government. He made a treaty with the Greek Emperor of Constantinople, Justinian II. He built the city of Ramla, and several other towns in that neighbourhood. The district of Abu Gosh (see above, Kirjath-Jearim), is to this day called Belad Beni Amaleki, perhaps in allusion to this Calif. In his time, in 4459 (699), there ruled in Iraq and Babel yet another Calif, Chadjadj ibn Jusif. Abd al Maleki was succeeded in 4467 (707) by his son, Calif Walid I., ibn Abd al Maleki.

    In 4502 (742), the country was invaded by innumerable hordes of Tartars, from the vicinity of the Caspian Sea. They were called Turkemans ; hence the name of Turks. These conquered the whole of Syria, Cappadocia, and Palestine, and caused everywhere terrible devastations. The Arab Califs made war against them, and drove them out of the country; they, however, came back a third time, as I shall relate hereafter, till at length the Arabs and Turks became united, by the latter assuming the Koran and the Mahomedan religion, and formed, as at this day, but one nation, only that the former are called Arabs or Ishmaelites, and constitute the greater portion of the inhabitants of Palestine; whilst of the others, called Turks, but few are in our country, whereas in Turkey, in Europe, the population is mostly composed of them.

    In 4523 (763), there reigned the Calif Al Mansur, who built Bagdad, the modern Babylon.

    In 4546 (786), the Calif Harun al Rashid (i.e. the just) became ruler, and reigned till 4569 (809). He completed the building of the city of Baghdad, commenced by Al Mansur. In 4557 (797) there arose a terrible war between the Saracens and the Arabic tribes in Palestine, through which means Gaza, Ashkelon, Sarifea צריפין and Beth-Gubrin were entirely destroyed.

    In 4572 (812), the Mahomedans attacked and slew the ecclesiastical chiefs of the Christians in Jerusalem.

    In the year 4573 (813), ruled Calif Almamans ibn Harun, until the year 4603 (843).

    In 4628 (868), there reigned Sultan Ibn Achmad ibn Tulun over Egypt. In that year the Tartaric hordes made another irruption, and conquered Palestine and Egypt. Sultan Ibn Achmad had constant wars with them: he reigned till 4644 (884).

    In 4729 (969), there reigned the Calif Ma’ez, of the Fatimite family. This name was borne by the Califs of Kairuan, a country to the west of Egypt, in the neighbourhood where Carthage formerly stood (see Appendix). He conquered Egypt, Palestine, and Syria, and had his seat in Cairo (Al Mazr).

    Calif Al Chakim, the third of the Fatimite family, became sovereign in the year 4756 (996). He was a great enemy to the Christians, and persecuted them everywhere.

    In the year 4776 (1016), he advanced with a large army against Jerusalem, and drove away the Tartars, who yet occupied the same. He also destroyed totally the church which Constantine had built over the so­called place of Jesus’s sepulchre. His reign extended till 4781 (1021).

    The pilgrims who came from the west (Europe) to Palestine, and beheld these persecutions, painted them in strong and glaring colours on their return to their native countries, and moreover calumniated the Jews, as though these had contributed much to produce the enmity and persecution of the Christians on the part of Al Chakim. These and still other falsehoods and calumnies increased the hatred and the persecution towards the Jews in European countries; and when at a later period the pious crusaders from the west went eastward, to snatch the Holy Land from the power of the Mahomedans, they found ample opportunity to execute a pious and holy vengeance on these poor Israelites, as I shall relate somewhat more circumstantially hereafter.

    In 4781 (1021), his son Calif Dahir ibn Chakim became sovereign. He was a friend to the Christians, and permitted them to rebuild their destroyed church.

    In 4800 (1040), the Tartaric hordes made a third irruption under their leader Seldjuk, who was of the tribe Hildokiao. This chief was uncommonly successful in his conquests: he made war against the Egyptian Calif, and conquered Syria, and Jerusalem with its environs. He bitterly persecuted the Christians in the Holy City, and they had to endure terrible exactions, and were compelled to submit entirely to his arbitrary will.

    In 4859 (1099), the Arabs under the Egyptian Calif again acquired Jerusalem and the surrounding country, and drove the Tartars away from there, and thought themselves secure in possession of the city, when suddenly a new enemy came over them, with whom they had to wage a long and bloody strife. This enemy was the Europeans of the West, who in that very year entered the land of Palestine and conquered it.

    A Short Review Of This Period.
    There exist but few documents concerning the situation of the Jewish literati and literature in Palestine of this period. But at the time of Mahomed, the most distinguished and learned person amongst the Jews, Rabbi Yizchak Ha-Gaon, resided in Babylon. The title of Nahssi had at that time been given up for that of Gaon.

    In 4521 (761), there arose a serious contest in Babylon between the Resh Gelutha, and the celebrated Rab Acha, of Shabecheh, the author of the She’elthoth שאלתות through which cause the latter was not chosen as Gaön, wherefore he quitted Babylon and repaired to Palestine, where he ended his days.

    In 4543 (733), there lived in Beth-Zur, a town not far from Hebron, a man by the name of ‘Anan ענן a scholar of the then Gaon, Rabbi Yehudai, of Babylon. He had observed in his scholar that he had neither affection for, nor faith in our tradition as an exposition of the written law; wherefore he (‘Anan) could not be chosen either as Resh Gelutha or Gaon. He returned, therefore, to his native country, Palestine, and formed a new sect, the leader of which he became, by openly preaching against our system of tradition. The sect of the Sadducees, who only adopted the written law and rejected the tradition, had gradually fallen entirely into decay after the destruction of the temple and Jerusalem, and had become nearly dissolved. But the appearance of ‘Anan gave them new life, and they soon increased and spread extensively in Palestine, Egypt, and North Africa. In Palestine, they had yet another learned chief, Sheich Abu al Ferag, who wrote a work, bearing his own name, concerning the principles of his sect, and which contains much that is absurd and blasphemous. He is the same Abu al Ferag who is frequently mentioned in the Opinions of Maimonides תשובות הרמב״ם. Anan had a wife who was called Al Me’alma, i. e. the learned, the instructress, who was acknowledged chief of his sect after the death of her husband, and was consulted in all cases of doubt; and as everything was decided according to her opinion and practice, it came to be customary to ask among the sect, “How did Al Me’alma on that occasion? or what was her practice in that case?” and every one looked up to her for guidance. When, at a later period, Rabbi Joseph Ben Ali became Nahssi in Africa, he used every effort to suppress this sect in all directions,–so that it was nearly dissolved, and but few vestiges are found thereof at the present time; since all that is left are the few Caraites קראים who only acknowledge the written law, are partly descended from the ancient Sadducees, and are found in several places in Asia and Egypt. We find mentioned in Abn Ezra’s Commentary on the Pentateuch, several ridiculous expositions of many passages of Holy Writ ascribed to a certain Anan; it would, therefore, appear that he also had composed a commentary on the books of Moses.

    In general the situation of the Jews, under the rule of the Mahomedans, was quite favourable, and considerably better than under the Greeks, since the former are naturally more favourably inclined to Judaism;–so that scarcely any persecution took place in this whole period. Only when the Calif Omar ibn Kataf banished, in the year 4398 (638), the Christians from Tiberias, the same fate was soon meted out to the Jews, and they also had to quit this place.


  3. Surah 96 (The Clot): Muhammad’s first revelation
    “The Clot” (Al-Alaq) was the first surah that Muhammad (I’ll just call him “Mo”) claimed to receive from Allah.
    Mo was about 40 years old at the time (ca. 610 CE).

    Here’s the story from the Hadith (Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith – 6.478), as told by Aisha, who twelve years later became Mo’s favorite wife. (Since Aisha was only nine years old when her marriage to the 52-year-old Mo was consummated, she wouldn’t have yet been born when this story supposedly took place.)

    Mo receiving the first revelation from the angel Gabriel

    While Mo was sleeping in the cave of Hira, an angel appeared to him in a dream and told him to read. Mo replied that he didn’t know how to read. Then the angel forced him hard to the ground, so hard he could hardly stand it.
    The commencement (of the Divine Inspiration) to Allah’s Apostle was in the form of true dreams in his sleep, for he never had a dream but it turned out to be true and clear as the bright daylight.Then he began to like seclusions, so he used to go in seclusion in the cave of Hira where … one day he received the Guidance while he was in the cave of Hira.

    An Angel came to him and asked him to read. Allah’s Apostle replied, “I do not know how to read.” The Prophet added, ‘then the Angel held me (forcibly) and pressed me so hard that I felt distressed.’

    The angel released him and again told him to read. And Mo again told him that he didn’t know how to read.
    Then he released me and again asked me to read, and I replied, ‘I do not know how to read.’ Thereupon he held me again and pressed me for the second time till I felt distressed. He then released me and asked me to read, but again I replied. ‘I do not know how to read.’

    So the angel knocked him down a third time, pressing him so hard he could hardly stand it.

    Thereupon he held me for the third time and pressed me till I got distressed, and then he released me and said, ‘Read, in the Name of your Lord Who has created (all that exists), has created man out of a clot, Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous. Who has taught (the writing) by the pen, has taught man that which he knew not.’
    And the words in bold became the first five verses in the Quran (96:1-5).

    Read: In the name of thy Lord Who createth,
    Createth man from a clot.
    Read: And thy Lord is the Most Bounteous,
    Who teacheth by the pen,
    Teacheth man that which he knew not.

    When Mo woke up from his dream, he was afraid he was either a poet or possessed. (He hoped he was possessed, though, because he really hated poets.) He was so upset that he decided to commit suicide by throwing himself off a cliff. (Ibn Ishaq, p.106-7)

    And I awoke from my sleep, and it was as though these words were written on my heart. Now none of God’s creatures was more hateful to me than an (ecstatic) poet or a man possessed: I could not even look at them. I thought, Woe is me, poet or possessed … I will go to the top of the mountain and throw myself down that I may kill myself and gain rest.

    So he went off to do that, but while he was climbing the mountain he heard a voice from the sky saying, “O Muhammad! Thou art the apostle of God and I am Gabriel.”

    So I went forth to do so and then when I was midway on the mountain, I heard a voice from heaven saying, “O Muhammad! thou art the apostle of God and I am Gabriel.”

    When he looked up he saw the angel Gabriel with one foot on each horizon. And no matter what direction Mo looked, there was Gabriel standing in front of him, with a foot on each horizon.

    I raised my head towards heaven to see (who was speaking), and Lo, Gabriel in the form of a man with feet astride the horizon … then I began to turn my face away from him, but towards whatever region of the sky I looked, I saw him as before.

    After the vision, Mo returned to Mecca, but he still wasn’t sure whether the horizon-straddling sky guy was Gabriel or a satan. Luckily, Khadija (Mo’s first wife) knew how to find out.

    She told him that the next time the sky guy comes to visit, he should sit by her left thigh. So the next time he saw him, he sat by her left thigh. Then she asked Mo if he could still see him. He said that he could.

    Next Khadija told Mo to turn around and sit on her right thigh. He did that, and she asked him, “Can you see him?” He said, “Yes, I can still see him.”

    Then she told him to sit on her lap. When he did that, she asked if he could still see him. And, once again, Mo said, “Yes.”

    Finally, Khadija threw off her veil and “disclosed her form” while Mo was sitting in her lap, and said, “Can you still see him?” This time Mo said, “No.”

    From this test, Khadija knew for sure that Mo’s imaginary friend was an angel and not a a satan.
    She [Khadija] said to the apostle of God, ‘O son of my uncle, are you able to tell me about your visitant, when he comes to you?’ He replied that he could, and she asked him to tell her when he came. So when Gabriel came to him, as he was wont, the apostle said to Khadija, ‘This is Gabriel who has just come to me.’ ‘Get up, O son of my uncle, she said, ‘and sit by my left thigh’. The apostle did so, and she said, ‘Can you see him?’ ‘Yes,’ he said. She said, ‘Then turn round and sit on my right thigh.’ He did so, and she said, ‘Can you see him?’ When he said that he could she asked him to move and sit in her lap. When he had done this she again asked if he could see him, and when he said yes, she disclosed her form and cast aside her veil whil the apostle was sitting in her lap. Then she said, ‘Can you see him?’ And he replied, ‘No.’ She said, ‘O son of my uncle, rejoice and be of good heart, by God he is an angel and not a satan.’

    Now those of you who have been corrupted by Western influences may not understand this test. So let me explain it to you.

    You see, if Mo’s friend was a satan, he wouldn’t mind hanging around while a woman took off her veil and started messing around with a man. In fact, he’d enjoy it. But not an angel. The sight of an unveiled woman would be so disgusting to an angel, that he’d leave — which is what Mo’s friend did. Therefore, Mo’s mysterious imaginary friend must be an angel. QED.

    So now we know for sure that the Quran (or at least the first five verses) was revealed by an angel and not a satan.

    And yet, strangely, for all of Allah, Gabriel, and Mo’s shenanigans, there’s not much in this surah.

    Here’s a summary:

    Humans were created from a clot.
    Thy Lord … createth man from a clot. 96:1-2
    If you deny Allah, he’ll grab you by the forelock and throw you in hell.
    If he denieth (Allah’s guidance) … We will seize him by the forelock – The lying, sinful forelock – [and] We will call the guards of hell. 96:13-18
    (Note: The “forelock” that Allah refers to here is not what you think it is. It is, according to Muslim scholars, the prefrontal cortex. Allah will grab you by your lying, sinful prefrontal lobe and throw your ass into hell. You can read all about it here. It’s just one of the many scientific miracles of the Quran.)
    That’s it. That’s all Allah had to say in Surah 96. Maybe he’ll do better in his next revelation.


    Muhammad fantasized about baby Aisha before soliciting her from her father.
    Sahih Bukhari 9.140
    Narrated ‘Aisha:
    Allah’s apostle said to me, “you were shown to me twice (in my dream) before I married you. I saw an angel carrying you in a silken piece of cloth, and I said to him, ‘uncover (her),’ and behold, it was you. I said (to myself), ‘if this is from Allah, then it must happen.

    Sahih Bukhari volume 5, book 58, number 234
    Narrated Aisha: the prophet engaged (married) me when I was a girl of six (years). We went to medina and stayed at the home of Bani-al-Harith bin Khazraj. Then I got ill and my hair fell down. Later on my hair grew (again) and my mother, um ruman, came to me while I was playing in a swing with some of my girl friends. She called me, and I went to her, not knowing what she wanted to do to me. She caught me by the hand and made me stand at the door of the house. I was breathless then, and when my breathing became alright, she took some water and rubbed my face and head with it. Then she took me into the house. There in the house I saw some ansari women who said, “best wishes and Allah’s blessing and a good luck.” then she entrusted me to them and they prepared me (for the marriage). Unexpectedly Allah’s apostle came to me in the forenoon and my mother handed me over to him, and at that time I was a girl of nine years of age.
    Sahih bukhari volume 8, book 73, number 151
    Narrated ‘Aisha: I used to play with the dolls in the presence of the prophet, and my girl friends also used to play with me. When Allah’s apostle used to enter (my dwelling place) they used to hide themselves, but the prophet would call them to join and play with me. (the playing with the dolls and similar images is forbidden, but it was allowed for ‘Aisha at that time, as she was a little girl, not yet reached the age of puberty.) (Fateh-al-bari page 143, vol.13)

    The permanent committee for the scientific research and fatwahs (religious decrees) reviewed the question presented to the grand mufti Abu Abdullah Muhammad al-Shemary, the question forwarded to the committee by the grand scholar of the committee with reference number 1809 issued on 3/8/1421 (Islamic calendar).
    After the committee studied the issue, they gave the following reply:
    As for the prophet, peace and prayer of Allah be upon him, thighing his fiancée Aisha. She was six years of age and he could not have intercourse with her due to her small age. That is why [the prophet] peace and prayer of Allah be upon him placed his [male] member between her thighs and massaged it softly, as the apostle of Allah had control of his [male] member not like other believers..

    Sahih al-Bukhari, volume 7, book 62, number 17
    Narrated jabir bin ‘abdullah:
    When I got married, Allah’s apostle said to me, “what type of lady have you married?” I replied, “I have married a matron.” he said, “why, don’t you have a liking for the virgins and for fondling them?” Jabir also said: Allah’s apostle said, “why didn’t you marry a young girl so that you might play with her and she with you?”
    Hence, Muhammad’s comments indicate that his reason for marrying Aisha while a young virgin is so that he could fondle and sexually play with her!
    Aisha was not the only baby girl Muhammad fantasized about
    In the classic history, Sirat Rasul Allah (The Life of Muhammad) by Ibn Ishaq, there is an account in which Muhammad expressed a marital interest in a crawling baby. This event seems to have occurred around the time of the battle of of Badr, when he was about 55 years old. He had married Aisha two years earlier, when he was 53 years of age.
    (Suhayli, ii. 79: in the Riwaya of Yunus i. I. Recorded that the apostle saw her (Ummu’lfadl) when she was a baby crawling before him and said, ‘if she grows up and I am still alive I will marry her.’ but he died before she grew up and sufyan b. Al-aswad b. ‘Abdu’l-asad al-Makhzumi married her and she bore him rizq and lubab… [Ibn Ishaq, The Life of Muhammad, Karachi, p. 311]
    Muhammad saw Um Habiba the daughter of Abbas while she was fatim (age of nursing) and he said, “if she grows up while I am still alive, I will marry her.” (Musnad Ahmad, number 25636)

    Bukhari (6:298) – Muhammad would take a bath with the little Aisha and fondle her.
    Narrated ‘Aisha:
    The prophet and I used to take a bath from a single pot while we were junub. During the menses, he used to order me to put on an izar (dress worn below the waist) and used to fondle me. While in itikaf, he used to bring his head near me and I would wash it while I used to be in my periods (menses).

    Bukhari (4:232) – Muhammad’s wives would wash semen stains out of his clothes, which were still wet from the spot-cleaning even when he went to the mosque for prayers.
    Sahih Bukhari volume 1, book 4, number 231:
    Narrated Sulaiman bin Aasar:
    I asked ‘Aisha about the clothes soiled with semen. She replied, “i used to wash it off the clothes of Allah’s apostle and he would go for the prayer while water spots were still visible. ”

    Sunaan abu Dawud: book 11, number 2161:
    Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
    I and the apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to lie in one cloth at night while I was menstruating. If anything from me smeared him, he washed the same place (that was smeared), and did not wash beyond it. If anything from him smeared his clothe, he washed the same place and did not wash beyond that, and prayed with it (i.e. The clothe).

    Bukhari (6:300) – Muhammad’s wives had to be available for the prophet’s fondling even when they were having their menstrual period.
    Bukhari volume 1, book 6, number 299:
    Narrated ‘Abdur-rahman bin al-Aswad:
    …(on the authority of his father) ‘Aisha said: “Whenever Allah’s apostle wanted to fondle anyone of us during her periods (menses), he used to order her to put on an izar and start fondling her.” ‘Aisha added, “None of you could control his sexual desires as the prophet could.”

    Bukhari (62:6)
    “The prophet used to go round (have sexual relations with) all his wives in one night, and he had nine wives.”
    Muhammad also said that it was impossible to treat all wives equally – and it isn’t hard to guess why.
    Bukhari (5:268)
    “The prophet used to visit all his wives in a round, during the day and night and they were eleven in number.” I asked Anas, ‘had the prophet the strength for it?’ Anas replied, ‘we used to say that the prophet was given the strength of thirty men. ”
    Allah promoted this abusive sexual behavior:
    “Your women are a tilth for you (to cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will” [Q 2:223]
    Koran (2:223) likens a woman to a field (tilth), to be used by a man as he wills. In this verse, Allah also gives divine sanction for anal sex.
    According to Islam, Muhammad is the perfection of humanity and the prototype of the most wonderful human conduct. He had sex with Aisha at the age of nine, which amounts to rape of a minor. He also left behind an enduring legacy for aged Muslim men to fulfill their carnal desires contrary to natural law and to the life-long devastation of young girls.

    Quran 65.4 “and those of your women as have passed the age of monthly courses, for them the ‘iddah (prescribed divorce period), if you have doubts (about their periods), is three months, and for those who have no courses [(i.e. They are still immature) their ‘iddah (prescribed period) is three months likewise, except in case of death] . And for those who are pregnant (whether they are divorced or their husbands are dead), their ‘iddah (prescribed period) is until they deliver (their burdens) (give birth) and whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to him, he will make his matter easy for him.”
    Sura (65:4) lays down rules for divorce and sets the prescribed period for divorce. It clearly says, Muslim men can marry (and divorce) little girls who have not yet reached menstruation age. This means that Muslim men were allowed to marry baby girls. This is the eternal word of god. This is an eternal law of Allah. All Muslims must believe in this teaching. Otherwise, they are no longer Muslims but apostates of Islam.

    “All married women (are forbidden unto you) save those (captives) whom your right hands possess.” 4:24
    You can have sex with slaves women captured in war (with whom you may rape or do whatever you like).
    Muhammad established an appalling precedent for abuse of young girls which is continued to be nurtured by the Muslim faithful. For example, Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran gave a fatwa about Quran 65.4:
    “A man can marry a girl younger than nine years of age, even if the girl is still a baby being breastfed. A man, however is prohibited from having intercourse with a girl younger than nine, other sexual acts such as foreplay, rubbing, kissing and sodomy is allowed. A man having intercourse with a girl younger than nine years of age has not committed a crime, but only an infraction, if the girl is not permanently damaged. If the girl, however, is permanently damaged, the man must provide for her all her life. But this girl will not count as one of the man’s four permanent wives. He also is not permitted to marry the girl’s sister.”


    [Why Muhammad hated alcohol]

    Abu Bachr and Aliman now resolved among themselves to remove the dangerous enemy of the Jews, Bucheran. One evening Mahomed, Bucheran, Aliman, and Abu Bachr, were drinking together; the latter two soon saw that Mahomed and the astrologer were strongly intoxicated, and lay stretched out in a deep and profound sleep. Abu Bachr thereupon drew the sword of Mahomed from its scabbard, cut off therewith Bucharan’s head, and put the bloody sword back into its receptacle, and both then lay themselves down quietly near Mahomed to sleep. When Mahomed awoke and saw his friend lying decapitated near him, he cried out in a fury: “This terrible deed has been done by one of us three in our drunkenness!” Abu Bachr thereupon said quite unconcernedly: “Let each one draw his sword, and he whose weapon is stained with blood, must needs be the murderer!” They all drew their swords, and that of Mahomed was completely dyed with fresh blood, which proved thus clearly to his satisfaction that he had murdered his friend. He was greatly grieved at this discovery; cursed and condemned the wine which was the cause of this murder, and swore that he never would drink any more, and that also no one should do so who wishes to enter heaven. This is the cause why wine is prohibited to the Mahomedans.

    At a later period, Mahomed learned the whole transaction, and that his father-in-law was the perpetrator of the bloody deed; wherefore, he lost his favour, and he would not permit him to come before him. Abu Bachr went thereupon and conquered sixty places, which had not yet submitted to Mahomed, and presented them to him, through which means he became again reconciled to him, was received in favour, and remained thereafter at court.


    Von Hammer

    “Mohammed, who was the only son of Abdallah, a Pagan, and Amina, a Jewess, and was descended from the noble but impoverished family of Hashim, of the priestly tribe of Koreish, who were the chiefs and keepers of the national sanctuary of the Kaaba, and pretended to trace their origin to Ismael, the son of Abraham and Hagar, was born at Mecca, August 20, A.D. 570 …’

    At that period, there were many “Jews’ in that area. Again from The History Of The Decline And Fall Of The Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon, volume 5, page 202:
    “Seven hundred years before the death of Mahomet the Jews were settled in Arabia; and a far greater multitude was expelled from the Holy Land in the wars of Titus and Hadrian. The industrious exiles aspired to liberty and power: they erected synagogues in the cities, and castles in the wilderness; and their Gentile converts were confounded with the children of Israel [Jews] …”

    Waves of Israelites went to Arabia bringing Judaism in various stages of development.
    The traditional view of Arabian history centers on Yemen. It is assumed that a fairly developed civilization grew in the south of the Arabian Peninsula. For several hundred years it grew rich by exporting gold, frankincense and myrrh to the Roman Empire; as well as controlling the overland routes to India and the East. The first collapse of the Marib dam around 450 CE; the decline of the use of frankincense due to the Christianization of Rome; and the Rome success bypassing the desert by using a sea route led to the collapse of southern Arabian society. This in turn led to waves of immigration from the South to North, from the city to the desert.

    Dr. Günter Lüling proposes an alternative paradigm.[1] He proposes a “more historical picture of Central Arabia, inundated throughout a millennium by heretical Israelites”. He envisions waves of Israelite refugees headed, North to South, to Arabia bringing with them Judaism in various stages of development. Linguistic and literary-historical research in the Qur’an tends to support the notion of a more northerly origin for linguistic development of Arabic.[2] Here is a brief summary of three of these waves of Judaic immigration: Herodian, Sadducean and Zealot (explained in more detail elsewhere).[3]


    During the time of Ptolemy, the native population of Cush originally inhabited both sides of the Red Sea: on the east, southern and eastern Arabia; and on the west, Abyssinia (Ethiopia-Eritrea). During the reign of Ptolemy VI Philometor (r 181–145 BCE), the Jewish High Priest Onias IV built a Jewish Temple in Heliopolis, Egypt and also one in Mecca, Arabia. He did this to fulfill his understanding of the prophecy of Isaiah 19:19, “In that day shall there be an altar to the Lord (Heliopolis) in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border (Mecca) thereof to the Lord.” The border of Ptolemy’s empire was in Arabia.

    The first wave of immigrants came with the success of the Maccabean, later Herodian, Judeo-Arab kingdom. Romanized Arabs (and Jews) from the trans-Jordan began migrating southward. The Tobiads which briefly had controlled Jerusalem extended their power southward from Petra and established the “Tubba” dynasty of kings of Himyar. Yathrib was settled during this period.

    The second wave of immigrants came before the destruction of the Temple, when refugees fleeing the war, as well as the Sadducean leadership, fled to Arabia. Khaibar was established as a city of Sadducean Cohen-Priests at this time.

    The third wave of immigrants were mostly refugees and soldiers from Bar Kochba’s revolt – fighters trained in the art of war and zealously nationalistic – sought refugee in Arabia.

    This last wave of immigrants included people who are known in Islamic literature as the Aus and the Khazraj. Around 300 CE, they were forced out of Syria by the rising strength of Christian Rome, and the adoption of the Ghassan leader, Harith I, of Christianity. At first the Aus and Khazraj lived on the outskirts of Yathrib. According to Islamic sources, the Khazraj, headed by Malik ibn Ajlan, sought and obtained military assistance from the Bani Ghasaan; and having enticed the principal chiefs of Yathrib into an enclosed tent, massacred them.[4] Then the citizens of Yathrib, beguiled into security by a treacherous peace, attended a feast given by their unprincipled foes; and there a second butchery took place, in which they lost the whole of their leaders.[5]

    1.”A new Paradigm for the Rise of Islam and its Consequences for a New Paradigm of the History of Israel” by Dr. Günter Lüling; Originally appeared in The Journal of Higher Criticism Nr. 7/1, Spring 2000, pp. 23-53.
    2.Hagarism, Crone and Cook
    3.See the authors essays “The Prophet Muhammed as a descendant of Onias III” and “From Bar Kochba to the Prophet Muhammed”
    4.See Katib at Wackidi, p. 287.
    5. “Life of Mohamet I”, by Sir Walter Muir, Chapter III, Section 6


    Onias IV described in Jewish history as someone trying to fulfill the prophecies of Isaiah 19. He was son of high priest Onias III in the Jerusalem temple, who was humiliated and booted out by the Hasmonean Jews. Josephus says about his establishing a temple in Egypt:

    “Yet did not Onias do this out of a sober disposition, but he had a mind to contend with the Jews at Jerusalem, and could not forget the indignation he had for being banished thence. Accordingly, he thought that by building this temple he should draw away a great number from them to himself.”

    “LEONTOPOLIS: Place in the nome of Heliopolis, Egypt, situated 180 stadia from Memphis; famous as containing a Jewish sanctuary, the only one outside of Jerusalem where sacrifices were offered….According to Josephus, the temple of Leontopolis existed for 343 years, though the general opinion is that this number must be changed to 243. It was closed either by the governor of Egypt, Lupus, or by his successor, Paulinus, about three years after the destruction of the Temple at Jerusalem; and the sacrificial gifts, or rather the interior furnishings, were confiscated for the treasury of Vespasian (“B. J.” vii. 10, § 4), the emperor fearing that through this temple Egypt might become a new center for Jewish rebellion.

    Josephus’ account in the “Antiquities” is therefore more probable, namely, that the builder of the temple was a son of the murdered Onias III., and that, a mere youth at the time of his father’s death, he had fled to the court of Alexandria in consequence of the Syrian persecutions, perhaps because he thought that salvation would come to his people from Egypt (“Ant.” xii. 5, § 1; ib. 9, § 7). Ptolemy VI. Philometor was King of Egypt at that time. He probably had not yet given up his claims to Cœle-Syria and Judea, and gladly gave refuge to such a prominent personage of the neighboring country. Onias now requested the king and his sister and wife, Cleopatra, to allow him to build a sanctuary in Egypt similar to the one at Jerusalem, where he would employ Levites and priests of his own race (ib. xiii. 3, § 1); and he referred to the prediction of the prophet Isaiah (Isaiah. xix. 19) that a Jewish temple would be erected in Egypt (“Ant.” l.c.). The Onias temple was not exactly similar to the Temple at Jerusalem, being more in the form of a high tower; and as regards the interior arrangement, it had not a candelabrum, but a hanging lamp.

    In the Talmud the origin of the temple of Onias is narrated with legendary additions, there being two versions of the account (Men. 109b). It must be noted that here also Onias is mentioned as the son of Simon, and that Isaiah’s prophecy is referred to.

    In regard to the Law the temple of Onias (…, handed down in the name of Saadia Gaon as … ) was looked upon as neither legitimate nor illegitimate, but as standing midway between the worship of Yhwh and idolatry (Men. 109a; Tosef., Men. xiii. 12-14);”
    As you can see from the description above, this rogue high priest, Onias IV, who felt abandoned by Hasmonean Jews, constructed a temple on the border of Egypt, with a tower (pillar/ minaret), where he and his descendants performed sacrifices and dreamed of uniting his family with Egyptians and Assyrians, for the purpose of fulfilling the prophecy in ISAIAH 19. His temple was closed three years after the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem (the Romans fearing it could become the center for a Jewish revolt). After that, there is no mention of the whereabouts of this family among Jews.

    On the other end, we have Muhammad, claiming to be described in the Bible, leads a revolt against the Romans, fulfills Isaiah 19, worships a Jewish form of God, with an altar and a high tower, no candlebrums, lamps hanging, performing sacrifices, circling the Kabaa etc like a Jewish priest, on the border of Egypt, ministering to non Jews (as prophesized in Isaiah 19) and belonging to a tribe that was founded by a man whose DNA is identical to the Cohens and who lived at the time when Onias Temple was shut down! I don’t think it is that hard to see the connection here. All it would have taken is for the Romans to bear down on the Jews, and this Jewish family, like so many others, would have moved south, but stayed along the border of Egypt and settled down in Mecca, where they could minister to the locals, as they had in Leontopolis and fulfill Isaiah 19. It does not seem that difficult to imagine.

    The Quran states that we must follow all the scriptures including the Torah, Gospel, and Quran. Therefore true Islam would be to obey all the scriptures. As the Quran states it has final authority, and corrects previous scriptures. So we take the law of God (the Torah), then make any adjustments given by Jesus in the Gospel, and then take any corrections made in the Quran to form the final law of God.

    Quran 2:136-137 136 So, say, ‘We believe in God and in what was sent down to us and WHAT WAS SENT DOWN to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and what was given to Moses, Jesus, and all the prophets by their Lord. We MAKE NO DISTINCTION between any of them, and we devote ourselves to Him.’ 137 So if they believe like you do, they will be rightly guided. But if they turn their backs, then they will be entrenched in opposition.

    Quran 2:285 285 The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, as do the faithful. They all believe in God, His angels, His SCRIPTURES, and His messengers. ‘WE MAKE NO DISTINCTION between any of His messengers,’ they say, ‘We hear and obey. Grant us Your forgiveness, our Lord. To You we all return!’ Quran 3:3-4 3 Step by step, He has sent the Scripture down to you with the Truth, confirming what went before: He sent down the Torah and the Gospel 4 earlier as a guide for people and He has sent down the distinction [between right and wrong. Those who deny God’s revelations will suffer severe torment: God is almighty and capable of retribution.

    Quran 3:84-88 84 Say, ‘We believe in God and in what has been sent down to us and to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes. We believe in WHAT HAS BEEN GIVEN to Moses, Jesus, and the prophets from their Lord. We DO NOT MAKE A DISTINCTION between any of the [prophets]. It is to Him that we devote ourselves.’ 85 If anyone seeks a religion other than [islam] complete devotion to God, it will not be accepted from him: he will be one of the losers in the Hereafter. 86 Why would God guide people who deny the truth, after they have believed and acknowledged that the Messenger is true, and after they have been shown clear proof? God does not guide evildoers: 87 such people will be rewarded with rejection by God, by the angels, by all people, 88 and so they will remain, with no relief or respite for their suffering.

    Quran 4:47 47 People of the Book, believe in what We have sent down to confirm what you already have before We wipe out [your sense of] direction, turning you back, or reject you, as We rejected those who broke the Sabbath: God’s will is always done.

    Quran 10:37 37 Nor could this Quran have been devised by anyone other than God. It is a CONFIRMATION of what was revealed before it and an EXPLANATION of the Scripture––let there be no doubt about it––it is from the Lord of the Worlds. Quran 42:15-16 15 So call people to that faith and follow the straight path as you have been commanded. Do not go by what they desire, but say, ‘I believe in WHATEVER SCRIPTURE GOD HAS SENT DOWN. I am commanded to bring justice between you. God is our Lord and your Lord––to us our deeds and to you yours, so let there be no argument between us and you––God will gather us together, and to Him we shall return.’ 16 As for those who argue about God after He has been acknowledged, their argument has no weight with their Lord: anger will fall upon them and agonizing torment awaits them.

    Quran 5:46-47 46 We sent Jesus, son of Mary, in their footsteps, to confirm the Torah that had been sent before him: We gave him the Gospel with guidance, light, and confirmation of the Torah already revealed–– a guide and lesson for those who take heed of God. 47 So let the followers of the Gospel judge according to what God has sent down in it. Those who do not judge according to what God has revealed are lawbreakers. 48 We sent to you [Muhammad] the Scripture with the truth, confirming the Scriptures hat came before it, and with FINAL AUTHORITY OVER THEM: so judge between them according to what God has sent down. Do not follow their whims, which deviate from the truth that has come to you.

    Quran 4:150-152 150 As for those who ignore God and His messengers and want to make a distinction between them, saying, ‘We believe in some but not in others,’ seeking a middle way, 151 they are really disbelievers: We have prepared a humiliating punishment for those who disbelieve. 152 But God will give rewards to those who believe in Him and His messengers and MAKE NO DISTINCTION BETWEEN ANY OF THEM. God is most forgiving and merciful.

    Quran 4:64 64 ALL the messengers We sent were MEANT TO BE OBEYED, by God’s leave. If only [the hypocrites] had come to you [Prophet] when they wronged themselves, and begged God’s forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found that God accepts repentance and is most merciful.

    Quran 5:66-68 66 If they had UPHELD THE TORAH AND THE GOSPEL and what was sent down to them from their Lord, they would have been given abundance from above and from below: some of them are on the right course, but many of them do evil. 67 Messenger, proclaim everything that has been sent down to you from your Lord––if you do not, then you will not have communicated His message––and God will protect you from people. God does not guide those who defy Him. 68 Say, ‘People of the Book, you have no true basis unless you UPHOLD THE TORAH, THE GOSPEL, and that which has been sent down to you from your Lord,’ Quran 2:4-5 4 those who believe in the revelation sent down to you [Muhammad], and in WHAT WAS SENT BEFORE YOU, those who have firm faith in the Hereafter. 5 Such people are following their Lord’s guidance and it is they who will prosper.

    Quran 6:27-28 27 If you could only see, when they are made to stand before the Fire, how they will say, ‘If only we could be sent back, we would not reject the REVELATIONS of our Lord, but be among the believers.’28No! The truth they used to hide will become all too clear to them. Even if they were brought back, they would only return to the very thing that was forbidden to them––they are such liars!

    Quran 7:40 40 The gates of Heaven will not be open to those who rejected Our REVELATIONS and arrogantly spurned them; even if a thick rope were to pass through the eye of a needle they would not enter the Garden. This is how We punish the guilty–– *Notice it says plural revelations in the two verses above* Quran 62:5 25 Those who have been charged to OBEY THE TORAH, but do not do so, are like asses carrying books: how base such people are who DISOBEY GOD’S REVELATIONS! God does not guide people who do wrong. *From this verse we can see that the Torah is one of God’s revelations, and we must obey them all*

    Quran 28:48-50 48 Even now that Our truth has come to them, they say, ‘Why has he not been given signs like those given to Moses?’ Did they not also deny the truth that was given to Moses before? They say, ‘Two kinds of sorcery, helping each other,’ and, ‘We refuse to accept either of them.’ 49 Say, ‘Then produce a book from God that gives BETTER GUIDANCE THAN THESE TWO AND I WILL FOLLOW IT, if you are telling the truth.’ 50 If they do not respond to you, you will know that they follow only their own desires. Who is further astray than the one who follows his own desires with no guidance from God? Truly God does not guide those who do wrong. And by the way, the Quran tells us that the Hadith (and those who obey it) are evil and wrong:

    Quran 7:35-37 35 Children of Adam, when messengers come to you from among yourselves, reciting My revelations to you, for those who are conscious of God and live righteously, there will be no fear, nor will they grieve. 36 But those who reject Our revelations and arrogantly scorn them are the people of the Fire and there they will remain. 37 Who is more wrong than the person who invents lies against God or rejects His revelations? *The Hadith invents lies against God. God’s revelations are the scriptures he delivered to us through his messengers*

    Quran 4:60-63 60 Do you not see those who claim to believe in what has been sent down to you, and in what was sent down before you, yet still want to turn to idols for judgement, although they have been ordered to reject them? Satan wants to lead them far astray. 61 When they are told, ‘Turn to God’s revelations and the Messenger,’ you see the hypocrites turn right away from you. 62 If disaster strikes them because of what they themselves have done, then they will come to you, swearing by God, ‘We only wanted to do good and achieve harmony.’ 63 God knows well what is in the hearts of these people, so ignore what they say, instruct them, and speak to them about themselves using penetrating words. *This is a great description of “Muslims” today who say that Moses is their prophet and that they believe in the Torah. But they do not keep any of God’s law from the Torah. Instead they commit idolatry by taking their sharia law from the Hadith*


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About Sarahowlgirl1982

I am a master of Political Sciences, with special focus on Security Studies, Islamic Counter Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction. I enjoy discovering and commenting things which are " in the air" but still not spoken.I also do like science writing and planing to move myself into the pure science journalism !